Trisna Dinillah Harya(1*),

(1) IAIN Jurai Siwo Metro Lampung
(*) Corresponding Author


The title of this study is, “An Analysis of Figurative Languages Used in Paulo Coelho’s novel Entitled “The Alchemist”. The objectives of the study are to describe the types of the figurative language found in the book and to identify the contextual meaning of the figurative language. The method used in collecting the data related to the subject of this research is documentation method because the researcher collected the data from novel. This study was conducted by collecting any relevant data and information about the topic or problem of the study from novels and internet that are available for the analysis. The data collection used the following steps: reading the novel, and then selecting the data that used the types of figurative language. While the steps to analyze the data are identifying the types of figurative language according to Leech, identifying the contextual meaning of the figurative language, and the last is interpreting the data.The result shows that there are 70 sentences that have figurative language. From all the sentences, there are 30 items or 42.9% of simile, 27 items or 38.6% of personification, 12 items or 17.1% of metaphor, and 1 item or 1.4% of hyperbole. It can be indicated that the dominant type of figurative language in the novel is simile. The author uses simile to explain circumstances, to describe the characters, to express emotion of the characters, and to make his writing more vivid and entertaining. It can be concluded that figurative language has important roles in this novel. That‘s why the author used so many sentences that have figurative language in this novel. Using figurative language makes the novel more interesting to read, and helps the readers to imagine the story, the character based on the illustration that the author has already given in the story.


figurative language, simile,personification, methapor, hyperbole, meaning, contextual meaning

Full Text:



Beckson, Karl and Ganz, Arthur. (1975). Literary Terms: A Dictionary. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Crystal, David. (1991). A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetic. Cambridge: Basil. Blackwell Ltd.

Dewi, Kumala Sari. (2010). An Analysis of Figurative Meaning in The Time’s Magazine’s Advertisement. Medan: Univertitas Sumatra Utara.

Fraenkell, Jack. R and Wallen, Norman. G. (1993). How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education (2nd Ed.. New York: Mc, Graw-Hill International Edition.

Kennedy, XJ. (1983). Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry and Drama. Boston: Little Brown and Company.

Keraf, Gorys. (1991). Diksi dan Gaya Bahasa. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Leech, Geoffrey. (1981). A Linguistic Guide to English Poetry. New York: Longman Inc.

Lyons, John. (1984). Language and Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Manik, Wilda Rahmawati. (2013). Semantic Analysis of Slang Used in Paul Movie Script. Medan: Universitas Sumatra Utara.

Merriam-Webster‟s Encyclopedia of Literature.(1995). New York: Meriam-Webster, Inc.

Newmark, Peter. (1988). A Textbook of Translation. London: Prentice Hall.

Perrine, Laurence. (1982). Sound and Sense: An Introduction to Poetry, 6th Edition. San Diego, California: Harcourt College Publishers.

Robert, Frost. (2006). Figurative Language. (Online) Retrieved from ( (January 20, 2015)

Tarigan, Henry Guntur. (1995). Pengajaran Semantik. Bandung: Angkasa.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Trisna Dinillah Harya



Universitas Muhammadiyah Metro

Unit Publikasi Ilmiah ( Scientific Publication Unit)


Gedung HI Lt 1, Ruang UPT Publikasi Ilmiah Universitas Muhammadiyah Metro

Jl. Ki Hajar Dewantara No.116, Iringmulyo, Metro Timur, Kota Metro, Lampung 34111
Phone/WA: +6285709141060 


e-ISSN-2442-482x  p-ISSN-2089-3355

Download Premise Official Template  June -October 2022