Ari Prasetyaningrum(1*), Maman Asrobi(2), Siti Ayu Surayya(3), Zahratul Fikni(4),

(1) English Department, Faculty of Arts and Humanities Education, HAMZANWADI UNIVERSITY, Indonesia
(2) English Department, Faculty of Arts and Humanities Education, HAMZANWADI UNIVERSITY, Indonesia
(3) English Department, Faculty of Arts and Humanities Education, HAMZANWADI UNIVERSITY, Indonesia
(4) English Department, Faculty of Arts and Humanities Education, HAMZANWADI UNIVERSITY, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


The goals of this study were to find out the most dominant types of grammatical cohesion used in undergraduate thesis belonged students of study program of English language education at Hamzanwadi university by M.A.K Halliday’s theory. This study was classified into descriptive qualitative research with discourse approach. The author used documentation in the form of students’ undergraduate thesis for collecting the data. There were two kinds of data taken, namely primary and secondary data. The primary data referred to the thesis written by the learners of the eight semesters as their partial fulfilment task before having bachelor degree. The secondary data was data that complete the main data. The author showed the data in line with Creswell and Poth theory in which the author related the theory by examining the grammatical of the thesis. The research finding revealed the most dominant type of grammatical cohesion was reference which appear 6149 times or 65, 29 % then conjunction which was found 3107 times or 32, 99 %. Meanwhile, the least dominant types of grammatical cohesion were substitution which appeared 145 times (1, 53%) and ellipsis which appeared 16 times (0, 16%).


Grammatical Cohesion; Students’ undergraduate thesis

Full Text:



Abdullah, F., Tandiana, S. T., & Amelia, R. (2020). Storybird-Based Narrative Writing Activities among Indonesian EFL Learners: Focusing on Contributions. Premise: Journal of English Education, 9(2), 164.

Adiantika, H. N., & Floranti, A. D. (2019). The Use of Substitution and Its Contribution to the Text Cohesion in Students’ Expository Texts. ELT in Focus, 1(2), 44–51.

Afrianto, A. (2017). Grammatical cohesion in students’ writing: a case at universitas teknokrat indonesia. Leksema: Jurnal Bahasa Dan Sastra, 2(2), 97–112.

Afzaal, M., Hu, K., Chishti, M. I., & Imran, M. (2019). A Study of Pakistani English Newspaper Texts: An Application of Halliday and Hasan’s Model of Cohesion: A Discourse Analysis. International Journal of English Linguistics, 9(5), 78.

Amperawaty, A., & Warsono, W. (2018). The Use of Cohesive Devices to Achieve Coherence in the Background Section of the Students’ Formal Writing. English Education Journal, 9(1), 34–40.

ANWAR, M. C. (2016). Exploring Cohesive Devices on the Abstracts of Undergraduate Thesis [IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon]. In ВеÑтник РоÑздравнадзора (Vol. 4, Issue October 2016).

Badenhorst, C., Moloney, C., Rosales, J., Dyer, J., & Ru, L. (2015). Beyond deficit: Graduate student research-writing pedagogies. Teaching in Higher Education, 20(1), 1–11.

Bahaziq, A. (2016). Cohesive Devices in Written

Discourse: A Discourse Analysis of a Student’s Essay Writing. English Language Teaching, 9(7), 112.

Biggam, J. (2018). EBOOK: Succeeding with your Master’s Dissertation: A Step-by-Step Handbook: Step-by-step Handbook. McGraw-Hill Education (UK).

Conley, T., & Chatman, S. (1979). Story and Discourse. SubStance, 8(2/3), 199.

Dascalu, M., McNamara, D. S., Trausan-Matu, S., & Allen, L. K. (2018). Cohesion network analysis of CSCL participation. Behavior Research Methods, 50(2), 604–619.

Deygan Darweesh, P., & Abdul Hady Kadhim, S. (2016). Iraqi EFL Learners’ Problems in Using Conjunctions as Cohesive Devices. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(11), 169–180.

Emilia, E., Habibi, N., & Bangga, L. A. (2018). An analysis of cohesion of exposition texts: an indonesian context. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 7(3), 515.

Galvan, J. L., & Galvan, M. C. (2017). Writing Literature Reviews: A Guide for Students of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. In Statistical Field Theory (Vol. 53, Issue 9). Routledge.

Gao, G., Liu, Y. S., Lin, P., Wang, M., Gu, M., & Yong, J. H. (2017). BIMTag: Concept-based automatic semantic annotation of online BIM product resources. Advanced Engineering Informatics, 31, 48–61.

Hasan, J., & Marzuki, M. (2017). An Analysis of Student’s Ability in Writing at Riau University Pekanbaru - Indonesia. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 7(5), 380.

Huneety, A., Mashaqba, B., Shehadeh .Y. Al-Shboul, S., & Tayseer

Alshdaifat, A. (2017). A Contrastive Study of Cohesion in Arabic and English Religious Discourse. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 6(3), 116.

Husin, M. S., & Nurbayani, E. (2017). The Ability of Indonesian EFL Learners in Writing Academic Papers. Dinamika Ilmu, 17(2), 237–250.

Khudhair, H. J. (2017). Measuring EFL LearnersAbility to Use English Cohesive Devices in Compositions. Journal of The Iraqi University, 39(3).

Kusuma, L. B. D., Yunita, W., & Hardiah, M. (2022). Students’ preferences of the research proposal writing feedback. Premise: Journal of English Education, 11(1), 208.

Martinez Lirola, M., & Irwin, D. S. (2016). Challenges in the Application of Genre Theory to Improve L2 Academic Writing: Effective Reports and Assessment. ASIAN TEFL Journal of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics, 1(1).

Maughan, R. (2017). Research methods in physical activity. Journal of Sports Sciences, 35(5), 516.

Mim, F. S., Inoue, N., Reisert, P., Ouchi, H., & Inui, K. (2019). Unsupervised learning of discourse-aware text representation for essay scoring. ACL 2019 - 57th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Proceedings of the Student Research Workshop, 378–385.

MOHAJAN, H. K. (2018). Qualitative research methodology in social sciences and related subjects. Journal of Economic Development, Environment and People, 7(1), 23.

Muhyidin, A., Solihati, N., Hamidiyah, A., & Senjaya, A. (2020). Reference grammatical cohesion in a literary text and its application to language learning in high school. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 12(6), 27–44.

Muttaqin, M. Z., Saleh, M., & Hartono, R. (2021). Using Grammatical Cohesion in the Students’ Final Project Proposal. International Journal of High Education Scientists (IJHES), 2(2), 1–10.

Nirwanto, R. (2021). The Adoption of Cohesive Devices (CDs) in Indonesian Students of EFL’s Opinion Essays. Premise: Journal of English Education, 10(1), 54.

Nurohmah Maulida, Z., & Nugraha, I. (2020). An analysis of grammatical cohesion in students’ writing (A Case Study in the Eleventh Year Students of SMAN 1 Garut). In English Education and Applied Linguistics (EEAL) Journal (Vol. 65, Issue 2).

Parazaran, S., & Motahari, S. M. (2015). Investigating Grammatical Cohesive Devices : Shifts of cohesion in translating narrative text type. International Journal of Foreign Language Teaching & Research, 3(10), 63–82.

Puteri, A., Ermanto, E., & Tahar, H. E. (2018). Grammatical Cohesion In The Thesis.

Rahman, T. (2017). Investigation of Grammatical Cohesion on Students’ Academic Essay Writing. Faculty of Tarbiya and Teacher’ Training, 6, 5–9.

Rofiq’ah, A. M. (2019). Grammatical cohesion analysis of students’ essay writing: a study of fourth semester English Language Education Department students of Walisongo State Islamic University of in the academic year of 2017/2018.

Sari, P. A., Ermanto, E., & Agustina, A. (2018). Lexical Cohesion Grammatical Markers in Scientific Papers. Proceedings of the International Conference on Language, Literature, and Education (ICLLE 2018).

Sulistyaningsih, S., & Slamet, J. (2018). An Analysis of Conjunctions Found in Barack Obama’s Farewell Speech Text. OKARA: Jurnal Bahasa Dan Sastra, 12(2), 201.

Swarni, B. R. (2016). Student’s Problem in Writing Thesis: Case Study at English Department Mataram University. Mataram University, September, 1–18.

Tenri Ampa, A., & Muhammad Basri, D. (2019). Lexical and Grammatical Cohesions in the Students’ Essay Writing as the English Productive skills. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1339(1), 12072.

Tight, M. (2000). Reviews. Management Learning, 31(2), 267–268.

Turmudi, D. (2020). English scholarly publishing activities in the industrial revolution 4 . 0 : What , Why , and How ? ELTEJ, 3(1), 52–63.

Ulugbek, J., & Anora, J. (2020). Dıffıcultıes In Teachıng Essay Wrıtıng In Englısh. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(08), 3072–3080.

Vivian, T. S. (2018). Critical thinking and lexical cohesion of ESL learners’ academic writing/Vivian T. Stephen. University of Malaya.

Wahyuni, R., & Oktaviany, O. (2021). Lexical and Grammatical Cohesion in The Lion King Movie Script. English Teaching and Linguistics Journal (ETLiJ), 2(1), 133–142.

Young, S. (2022). How to Write Your Undergraduate Dissertation in Criminology. In How to Write Your Undergraduate Dissertation in Criminology. Macmillan International Higher Education.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Author

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.



Universitas Muhammadiyah Metro

Unit Publikasi Ilmiah (Scientific Publication Unit)


Gedung HI Lt 1, Ruang UPT Publikasi Ilmiah Universitas Muhammadiyah Metro

Jl. Ki Hajar Dewantara No.116, Iringmulyo, Metro Timur, Kota Metro, Lampung 34111
Phone/WA: +6285709141060 


e-ISSN-2442-482x  p-ISSN-2089-3355

Download Premise Official Template  June -October 2023