The Adoption of Cohesive Devices (CDs) in Indonesian Students of EFL’s Opinion Essays

Rahmadi Nirwanto(1*),

(1) IAIN Palangka Raya
(*) Corresponding Author


Abstract


This study aims at investigating the types of cohesive devices (CDs) and the errors in using cohesive devices (CDs) in opinion essays made by the Indonesian students of EFL.The subjects were twenty-six (26) undergraduate program students of EFL enrolled in an Argumentative writing class. To get the data, they were asked to write an opinion essay which consists of five paragraphs (including introductory and concluding paragraph). After the data were collected, each of the students’ paper was read to identify the use of cohesive devices based on the theory of cohesion proposed by Halliday and Hasan (1976). Then, the number, the frequency and the percentage of cohesive devices were counted. The results of the study revealed that reference had the highest percentage (52.04%), followed by lexical cohesion (32.95%) and conjunction (15.02%). Meanwhile, substitution and ellipsis were absent. Although there were three types of cohesive to be used, the errors still happened in small number  such as in conjunction; but, so, or and and.


Keywords


cohesive devices, opinion essay

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ayub, Ketut S., and Wayan S. (2013). An analysis of the cohesion and coherence of students’ English writings at the second grade of SMAN 1 Labuapi West Lombok. e-Journal Program Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha Program Study Bahasa Inggris, 1(3):1-13.

Crossley, S. A. (2016). The development and use of cohesive devices in L2 writing and their relations to judgments of essay quality. Journal of Second Language Writing, 32:1–16. https://doi.org/10.17250/KHISLI.28.3.201112.014

Flowerdew, J., & Mahlberg, M. (Eds.). (2009). Lexical cohesion and corpus linguistics (Vol. 17). John Benjamins Publishing.

Halliday, M.A.K and Hasan, Ruqaiya. (1976). Cohesion in English. London: Longman.

Kwan, L. S. L, & Md Yunus, Melor. (2014). Cohesive errors in writing among ESL pre-service teachers. English Language Teaching, 7 (11): 130-150.

Mawardi. (2014). An analysis of the cohesion and coherence of students’ narrative writings in the English language education department of Nahdlatul Wathan Mataram University. Journal FKIP of Gunung Rinjani University, 8 (1), 80-90.

Murcia, Celce and Olshtain, E. (2000). Discourse and context in language teaching: A guide for language teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge Unviversity Press.

Na, Yoon-Hee. (2011). Cohesive devices in CMC texts produced by American and Korean EFL writers. Linguistics Research, 28 (3), 743-771.

Rahayu, T., & Cahyono, B. Y. (2015). Discourse markers in expository essays written by Indonesian students of EFL. International Journal of Language and Linguistics, 2(2): 21-29.

Rassouli, M., & Abbasvandi, M. (n.d.). The effects of explicit instruction of grammatical cohesive devices on intermediate Iranian learners’ writing. European Online Journal of Natural and Social Science; Special Issue, 2 (2): 15-22.

Richard, J.C., Platt.bJ. and Platt, H. (1999). Longman dictionary of language teaching and applied linguistics. Essex: Pearson Education Limited.

Renkema, J. (1993). Discourse studies. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Suwandi. (2016). Coherence and cohesion: An analysis of the final project abstracts of the undergraduate students of PGRI Semarang. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics,5(2): 253-261.

Turmudi, D. (2020a). English Scholarly Publishing Activities in the Industrial Revolution 4.0: What, Why, and How? English Language Teaching Educational Journal, 3(1), 52-63.

Turmudi, D. (2020b). INVESTIGATING THE INDONESIAN EFL STUDENTS’ARGUMENT IN ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY. Premise: Journal of English Education and Applied Linguistics, 9(2), 251-276.

Turmudi, D. (2017). Rethinking academic essay writing: Selected genres in comparison. Premise: Journal of English Education and Applied Linguistics, 6(2), 119-138.

Yang, W., & Sun, Yin (2012). The use of cohesive devices in argumentative writing by Chinese EFL learners at different proficiency levels. Linguistics and Education, 23: 31-48.

Zoghipour, Elnaz and Nikou, Farahnaz Rimani. (2016). The impact of explicit instruction of lexicogrammatical devices on EFL learners’ writing fluency and complexity. Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods 1: 677-689.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24127/pj.v10i1.3239

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Premise: Journal of English Education and Applied Linguistics



=====================

Publisher

Universitas Muhammadiyah Metro

Unit Publikasi Ilmiah ( Scientific Publication Unit)

Address:

Gedung HI Lt 1, Ruang UPT Publikasi Ilmiah Universitas Muhammadiyah Metro

Jl. Ki Hajar Dewantara No.116, Iringmulyo, Metro Timur, Kota Metro, Lampung 34111
Phone/WA: +6285709141060

Email:upi@ummetro.ac.id 

======================

e-ISSN-2442-482x  p-ISSN-2089-3355

Download Premise Official Template  June -October 2022

Certificate