Kartinah Kartinah(1*), Dina Prasetyowati(2), Sugiyanti Sugiyanti(3),

(*) Corresponding Author


There are many causes for the emergence of barriers in learning; barriers caused by difficult materials, cognitive, heredity and didactic factors. To overcome this, the efforts that can be done is to facilitate students in learning mathematics through learning media. Purpose of this research is to develop media by utilizing the inventor application. This research was conducted at the Senior High School Lab School Semarang with the consideration that there had never been research related to barriers and media development. The development procedure adapts the model developed by Borg and Gall which consists of ten stages. However, in this study, it only reached the 5th stage, namely the main product revision. The results showed that the process and results of developing Inventor-based learning media to overcome barriers in the Integral material of high school students were valid. Students and teachers of mathematics subjects gave a good response. Learning mathematics with Inventor media to overcome cognitive barriers in Integral material for high school students produces effective learning based on the average score of class students who use Inventor beyond the minimum value so that the experimental class complete. The results of achievement in experiment classes are better than control classes.


Cognitive Barriers, Media Development, Integral

Full Text:



Antonijević, R. (2016). Cognitive activities in solving mathematical tasks: The role of a cognitive obstacle. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 12(9), 2503–2515.

Aulia, E. T., & Prahmana, R. C. I. (2022). Developing interactive e-module based on realistic mathematics education approach and mathematical literacy ability. Jurnal Elemen, 8(1), 231–249.

Bahr, N. (2010). Thinking Critically about Critical Thinking in Higher Education. International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 4(2).

Duyen & Loc. (2022). European Journal of Educational Research. European Journal of Educational Research, 11(1), 1–16.

Gustiani, S. (2019). Research and Development (R&D) Method as A Model Design in Educational Research and Its Alternative. Holistics Journal, 11(2), 12–22.

Istiqlal, F. (2018). BAB IV HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN Hasil. 47, 69–114.

Kartinah, Nusantara, T., Sudirman, & Daniel, T. (2020). Preliminary Study of Cognitive Obstacle on the Topic of Finite Integral Among Prospective Teacher. 417(Icesre 2019), 43–46.

Kooloos, C., Oolbekkink-Marchand, H., van Boven, S., Kaenders, R., & Heckman, G. (2021). Building on student mathematical thinking in whole-class discourse: exploring teachers’ in-the-moment decision-making, interpretation, and underlying conceptions. Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education, 25(4), 453–477.

Lang-Wojtasik, G., Erichsen-Morgenstern, R. M., & Stratmann, J. (2020). Online course: ‘Global Medial’ – Global learning through media competence and vice versa. International Journal of Development Education and Global Learning, 12(1).

Miller, S. E., & Topple, T. A. (2020). Thinking and Thinking About Thinking: A Qualitative Study of Learning in a Process-Centric Teaching Model. Journal of Social Work Education, 56(1), 115–130.

Nanna, A. W. I., & Pratiwi, E. (2020). Students’ Cognitive Barrier in Problem Solving: Picture-based Problem-solving. Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 11(1), 73–82.

Nuanmeesri, S., & Jamornmongkolpilai, S. (2018). The Development of the Virtual Learning Media of the Sacred Object Artwork. TOJET: The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 17(1), 197–209.

Paul, M., & Hlanganipai, N. (2014). The nature of misconceptions and cognitive obstacles faced by secondary school mathematics students in understanding probability: A case study of selected Polokwane secondary schools. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5(8), 446–455.

Purnomo, Y. W., Sharill, M., Pandansari, O., Susanti, R., & Winarni. (2022). Cognitive demands on geometrical tasks in Indonesian elementary school mathematics textbook. Jurnal Elemen, 8(2), 466–479.

Saputra, D., Gürbüz, B., & Haryani, H. (2021). Android-based Animation for Chemical Elements and Experiments as an Interactive Learning Media. Journal of Science Learning, 4(2), 185–191.

Septiawan, S., & Abdurrahman. (2020). Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran Matematika Berbasis Multimedia Interaktif dengan Menggunakan Adobe Flash CS6 Profesional pada Materi Barisan & Deret Kelas XI SMA. AKSIOMATIK: Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran Matematika, 8(1), 11–18.

Tague, J., & Richard Baker, G. (2014). Flipping the Classroom to Address Cognitive Obstacles Greg Baker in the mathematics department on instruc- tional technology in a differential equations course for engineering students. Research interests include mathematical literacy for engineers and in. 121st ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition.

Tall, D. (2002). The Psychology of Advanced Mathematical Thinking. Advanced Mathematical Thinking, 21, 3–21.



  • There are currently no refbacks.