PENGEMBANGAN BAHAN AJAR GEOMETRI BERBASIS SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY ENGINEERING AND MATHEMATICS (STEM) UNTUK MENDUKUNG KEMAMPUAN SPASIAL

RIZKY OKTAVIANA EKO PUTRI, FERIYANTO FERIYANTO

Abstract


Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengembangkan bahan ajar geometri berbasis STEM untuk mahasiswa S1 jurusan pendidikan matematika. Terdapat tiga langkah utama yaitu Fase Pendahuluan, yaitu menganalisis masalah yang dihadapi mahasiswa dalam pembelajaran mata kuliah geometri. Pada tahap ini akan diperoleh permasalahan pokok yang dihadapi dan kebutuhan siswa dalam pembelajaran geometri. Fase Pengembangan merupakan tahap kedua dimana mengembangkan prototipe atau desain awal bahan ajar geometri berbasis materi STEM. Tahap terakhir yaitu Fase Penilaian atau tahap validasi dimana harus menganalisis apakah kualitas produk bahan ajar yang telah disiapkan memenuhi kriteria. Berdasarkan hasil analisis dapat disimpulkan bahwa bahan ajar geometri berbasis STEM layak digunakan dan efektif digunakan dalam pembelajaran untuk mendukung kemampuan spasial mahasiswa. Namun demi tercapainya hasil yang lebih memuaskan maka disarankan untuk membiasakan mahasiswa dalam pembelajaran berbasis STEM.

The aim of this study was developing geometry learning material integrated by STEM principals for undergraduate students in mathematics education program. There were three main steps, Preliminary Research, analyzed the problems faced by students in learning geometry courses. At this stage it will be obtained the main problems encountered and the needs of students in learning geometry. Development Phase was the second step where researchers developed a prototype or the initial design of teaching materials based geometry STEM subjects. The last steps was Assessment Phase or validation phase where researchers should analyze whether the product quality teaching materials that have been prepared meet the criteria. Based on the data analysis can be concluded that STEM integrated geometry learning material is feasible and effective to be used in learning to support students' spatial abilities. However, in order to achieve more satisfying results, it is suggested to familiarize students with STEM-based learning.

Keywords


geometry; Spatial Ability; STEM; Kemampuan Spasial

References


Çevik, M. (2018). Investigating STEM Semantics and Perceptions of Engineer Candidates and Pre-Service Teachers: A Mixed Method Study. International Journal of Educational Technology, 5(2), 17.

DES. (2017). STEM Education Policy Statement 2017-2026. Department of Education and Skills. https://www.gov.ie/en/policy-information/4d40d5-stem-education-policy/

English, L. D. (2016). STEM education K-12: Perspectives on integration. International Journal of STEM Education, 3(1), 3. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-016-0036-1

Goddijn, A., Kindt, M., & Wolfgang, R. (2014). Geometry with Applications and Proofs Advanced Geometry for Senior High School, Student Text and Background Information. Sense Publisher.

Hannafin, R. D., Truxaw, M. P., Vermillion, J. R., & Liu, Y. (2008). Effects of Spatial Ability and Instructional Program on Geometry Achievement. The Journal of Educational Research, 101(3), 148–156. JSTOR.

Honey, M., Pearson, G., & Schweingruber, H. (2014). STEM Integration in K-12 Education: Tatus, Prospects, and an Agenda for Research. National Academy of Engineering; National Research Council.

Karisan, D., Macalalag, A., & Johnson, J. (2019). The Effect of Methods Course on Pre- Service Teachers’ Awareness and Intentions of Teaching Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Subjects. 15.

Nieveen, N., & Folmer, E. (2013). Formative evaluation in educational design research. 153, 152–169.

Noto, M. S., Priatna, N., & Dahlan, J. A. (2019). MATHEMATICAL PROOF: THE LEARNING OBSTACLES OF PRE-SERVICE MATHEMATICS TEACHERS ON TRANSFORMATION GEOMETRY. Journal on Mathematics Education, 10(1), 117–126. https://doi.org/10.22342/jme.10.1.5379.117-126

Plomp, T., & Nieveen, N. M. (2010). An introduction to educational design research: Proceedings of the seminar conducted at the East China Normal University, Shanghai (PR China), November 23-26, 2007. http://www.slo.nl/downloads/2009/Introduction_20to_20education_20design_20research.pdf/download

Rabab’h, B., & Veloo, A. (2015). Spatial Visualization as Mediating between Mathematics Learning Strategy and Mathematics Achievement among 8th Grade Students. International Education Studies, 8(5). https://doi.org/10.5539/ies.v8n5p1

Thibaut, L., Ceuppens, S., De Loof, H., De Meester, J., Goovaerts, L., Struyf, A., Boeve-de Pauw, J., Dehaene, W., Deprez, J., De Cock, M.,

Hellinckx, L., Knipprath, H., Langie, G., Struyven, K., Van de Velde,

D., Van Petegem, P., & Depaepe, F. (2018). Integrated STEM Education: A Systematic Review of Instructional Practices in Secondary Education. European Journal of STEM Education, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.20897/ejsteme/85525

Turgut, M. (2012). RELATIONSHIPS AMONG PRESERVICE PRIMARY MATHEMATICS TEACHERS’ GENDER, ACADEMIC SUCCESS AND SPATIAL ABILITY. International Journal of Instruction, 16.

Verdine, B. N., Golinkoff, R. M., Hirsh-Pasek, K., Newcombe, N. S., Filipowicz, A. T., & Chang, A. (2014). Deconstructing building blocks: Preschoolers’ spatial assembly performance relates to early mathematical skills. Child Development, 85(3), 1062–1076. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12165

Weckbacher, L. M., & Okamoto, Y. (2018). Predictability of Visual Processes on Performance in Geometry. Journal of Education and Learning, 7(6), 25. https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v7n6p25

Williams, C. B., Gero, J., Lee, Y., & Paretti, M. (2010). Exploring Spatial Reasoning Ability and Design Cognition in Undergraduate Engineering Students. Volume 6: 15th Design for Manufacturing and the Lifecycle Conference; 7th Symposium on International Design and Design Education, 669–676. https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC2010-28925

Williams, M. E., Graves, L. V., DeJesus, S. Y., Holden, H. M., DeFord, N. E., & Gilbert, P. E. (2019). Spatial memory ability during middle age may depend on level of spatial similarity. Learning & Memory, 26(1), 20–23. https://doi.org/10.1101/lm.048280.118

Yeh, A., & Chandra, V. (2015). Mathematics, Programming, and STEM. Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia, 8.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24127/ajpm.v9i4.3141

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexing by: