Gumarpi Rahis Pasaribu(1*), Mulyadi Mulyadi(2),

(1) Applied Linguistic, STIT Al-Ittihadiyah Labuhanbatu Utara, Indonesia
(2) Applied Linguistic, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


The word order in the Kualuh Malay language spoken in North Labuhanbatu is the subject of this research, which aims to investigate it. Study In this research, the qualitative research method was utilized.  Data for this study came primarily from interviews and participants' own experiences. The clauses or sentences that were discovered in the folklore served as the research's primary source of data. The studies of Miles and Huberman were utilized in order to make sense of the data. The process of assessing the research involved several stages, including data reduction, data display, and extracting conclusions from the data and verifying them. It is possible to draw the conclusion based on the findings of the research that the structure of the sentence patterns used in the Kualuh Malay language spoken in North Labuhanbatu contains VSO, SVO, OSV, VOS, OVS SV, VO, and OV. The word order pattern that should be followed in the declarative clause of a declarative sentence is SC, SVO, OVS. The word order pattern of the clause in this section is V-O and O-V, and it is vital that this pattern be followed. In an interrogative sentence, SV, SVO, VOS, and OSV can be used with nasal-affixed verbs or without them.


A Study of Syntactic Typology; Kualuh Malay; Word Order,


Artawa, Ketut. (2013). ‘The basic verb construction in Balinese’, in Alexander Adelaar (ed.), Voice variation in Austronesian languages of Indonesia. NUSA 54, 5-27. [Permanent URL:]

Artawa & Jufrizal (2021). Tipologi Linguistik Konsep Dasar dan Aplikasinya. Pustaka Larasan

Andersen, Paul Kent. (1983). Word Order Typology and Comparative Constructions. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Company.

Budiarta, I Wayan. (2013). “Tipologi Sintaksis Bahasa Kemak”. [Kemak Language Syntax Typology]. Dissertation (unpublished) Denpasar: Program Pascasarjana Universitas Udayana.

Chaer, Abdul. 2009. Sintaksis Bahasa Indonesia (Pendekatan Proses). Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Comrie, B. (1989). Language Universals and Linguistik Tipology . Oxford: Basil Blackwell Publisher Limited.

Darlina d.k.k. (2018). Indonesian Derivative Verb Affixes: a Study of Typological Linguistics. e-Journal of Linguistics DOAJ Indexed (Since 15 Sep 2015) July 2018 Vol. 12 No. 2 P: 135—142 DOI. 10.24843/eJL.2018.v12. i02. P05 e-ISSN: 2442-7586 p-ISSN: 2541-5514

Dixon, R.W.M. (2010). Basic Linguistic Theory. Volume 2. Grammatical Topics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Greenberg, Joseph. 1971. “Timor-Alor Subgrouping” In Thomas Sebeok (ed.) Current Trends in Linguistics.

Jufrizal. (2007). Tipologi Gramatikal Bahasa Minangkabau, Tataran Morfosintaksis. Padang: UNP Press.

Jufrizal. 2012. Tatabahasa Bahasa Minangkabau. Deskripsi dan Telaah Tipologi Linguistik.. Padang: UNP Press

Jufrizal and Refnita, L. (2019). ‘From V-O-S to S-V-O Language?: A Diachronic Study on Word-Order Typology of Minangkabaunese’ (a paper presented as The 7th International Conference on English Language Teaching, Linguistics, and Literature (ELITE), 7th – 9th of September, 2019). Malang: School of Post Graduate Program, Maulana Malik Ibrahim, State University of Malang

Jufrizal. (2022). Tipologi Tataurut Kata Bahasa Minangkabau. Padang: Get Press..

Jamaluddin & Mulyadi. Word Order In Angkola Language: A Study Of Syntactic Typology. Language Literacy: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Volume 6, Number 1, pp: 167-176, June 2022

Keraf, Gorys. (1990). Linguistik Bandingan Tipologis.. Jakarta: PT Gramedia.

Kridalaksana, Harimurti. (2008). Kamus Linguistik, Edisi IV. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Levshina, Natalia. (2019). Token-based typology and word order entropy: A study based on Universal Dependencies. journal Linguistic Typology

Mahsun. (2005). Metode Penelitian Bahasa; Tahapan Strategi, Metode, dan Tekniknya. Language Research Methods; Stages of Strategy, Methods, and Techniques. Revised Edition. Jakarta: RajaGrafindo Persada.

Muhammad. (2011). Metode Penelitian Bahasa. [Language Research Methods].Jogjakarta: Ar-ruz Media.

Panggabean, S. (2013). Konstruksi Tipologi Sintaksis Bahasa Batak Toba.

Rahmawati and Mulyadi,2021. Transitive Word Order in Karonese Language. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation

Sedarmayanti, H. J. & Hidayat, S. 2002. Metodologi Penelitian. Bandung: Mandar Maju.

Siwi, P. (2018). Sintaksis Bahasa Siladang: Kajian Tipologi Gramatikal.

Syarifuddin, (2023). Halobanese Word Order: A Syntactic Typology Approach. Universitas Sumatera Utara

Song, J.J.. (2001). Linguistic Typology: Morphology and Syntax. London: Longman.

Sudaryanto. (1993a). Predikat-Objek dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Keselarasan Pola urutan. Seri ILDEP: Djambatan.

Sudaryanto. (1993b). Metode dan Aneka Teknik Analisis Bahasa. Yogyakarta: Duta Wacana University Press.

Surbakti, E. B. (2012). Tipologi Sintaksis Bahasa Karo. Jurnal Telangkai Bahasa Dan Sastra, Januari, 55–73.

Taber, Mark. (1993). “Toward A Better Understanding of The Indigenous Languages of Southwestern Maluku”. In Oceanic Linguistics, Vol. 32, No. 2. pp. 389—441. University of Hawai Press.

Whaley, l.J. 1997. Introduction to Typology. London. SAGE Publication.



Copyright (c) 2023 Authors

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.



Universitas Muhammadiyah Metro

Unit Publikasi Ilmiah (Scientific Publication Unit)


Gedung HI Lt 1, Ruang UPT Publikasi Ilmiah Universitas Muhammadiyah Metro

Jl. Ki Hajar Dewantara No.116, Iringmulyo, Metro Timur, Kota Metro, Lampung 34111
Phone/WA: +6285709141060 


e-ISSN-2442-482x  p-ISSN-2089-3355

Download Premise Official Template  June -October 2023