Imam Al Farisyi(1*), Iskandar Abdul Samad(2), Saiful Marhaban(3),

(1) English Education Study Program of FKIP, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Aceh Indonesia
(2) English Education Study Program of FKIP, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Aceh Indonesia
(3) English Education Study Program of FKIP, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Aceh Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


This research examined the rhetorical pattern of thesis background, particularly the undergraduate scripts of English education department students. The purpose of the study is to find out the tendency of rhetorical patterns by students in writing thesis backgrounds.  The approach used in this study is a qualitative method. The researcher investigates twenty English education undergraduate scripts from UIN Ar-Raniry and Syiah Kuala University. To collect the data, documentation of undergraduate thesis background was used as the instrument. The data were collected   from the electronic   repository   thesis  and  dissertation   from  both universities.  Then, the researcher examined the data based on the framework  of Swales’s CARS model (2004). The results of this research revealed that the undergraduate  students of English departments have similar rhetorical patterns in the thesis background. Furthermore, the research identified the cyclical pattern which showed that the students tend to repeat the cycle. Students tend to use the first language style that led the students to write circumstantially to deliver their points in the thesis background.  In conclusion,  the rhetorical  pattern of the thesis background used by students is compatible with the theoretical framework. Bearing the problems in mind, this research has implication on the students majoring in English Education to employ more effective rhetorical patterns in the background of undergraduate scripts crafted in English.


Rhetorical Pattern, Thesis Background, Undergraduate Students

Full Text:



Bennui, P. (2008). A Study of L1 Intereference in the Writing of Thai EFL Students. Malaysian Journal of ELT Research, 4(1), 72–104.

Bhatia, V. K. (2016). Critical genre analysis: Investigating interdiscursive performance in professional practice. Routledge.

Birmingham, P., & Wilkinson, D. (2003). Using research instruments: A guide for researchers. Routledge.

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: qualitative,quantitative,and mixed methods approaches (4th ed.). SAGE Publications.

Diyana Binti Maznun, M., Monsefi, R., & Nimehchisalem, V. (2017). Undergraduate ESL students’ difficulties in writing the introduction for research reports. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 8(1), 9.

Griffee, D. T. (2012). An introduction to second language research methods. New York: TESL-EJ Publications.

Librero, F. R. (2012). Writing Your Thesis: A Practical Guide for Students. Philippines: UP Open University.

Öztürk, I. (2018). Rhetorical Organisation of the Subsections of Research Article Introductions in Applied Linguistics. Novitas-ROYAL (Research on Youth and Language), 12(1), 52–65.

Perneger, T. V, & Hudelson, P. M. (2004). Writing a research article: advice to beginners. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 16(3), 191–192.

Pujiyanti, I. A., & Arsyad, S. (2018). Rhetorical Structure Analysis on Introduction Chapters of English Master Theses by Indonesian Postgraduate Students. Online Submission, 5(2), 143–164.

Rawdhan, A., Ebadi, S., & Loan, N. T. T. (2020). Rhetorical Structure Variations in Literature Review Chapters of Applied Linguistics Master’s Theses by Iraqi and International Students. International Journal of Instruction, 13(4), 849–866.

Sheldon, E. (2011). Rhetorical differences in RA introductions written by English L1 and L2 and Castilian Spanish L1 writers. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 10(4), 238–251.

Silverman, D., & Marvasti, A. (2008). Doing Qualitative Research: A Comprehensive Guide. Sage.

Suryani, I., Kamaruddin, H., Hashima, N., Yaacob, A., Rashid, S. A., & Desa, H. (2014). Rhetorical Structures in Academic Research Writing by Non-Native Writers. International Journal of Higher Education, 3(1), 29–38.

Swales, J. (2004). Research genres: Explorations and applications. Ernst Klett Sprachen.

Torres, J. M., & Medriano Jr, R. (2020). Rhetorical Organization of Ilocano and Tagalog Pre-Service Teachers in Their Argumentative Essays. Online Submission.

Turmudi, D. (2020). English scholarly publishing activities in the industrial revolution 4 . 0 : What , Why , and How ? ELTEJ, 3(1), 52–63.

Viera, R. T. (2019). Rhetorical Move Structure in Abstracts of Research Articles Published in Ecuadorian and American English-Speaking Contexts. Arab World English Journal, 10(4), 74–87.

Xu, M., Huang, C., & You, X. (2016). Reasoning patterns of undergraduate theses in translation studies: An intercultural rhetoric study. English for Specific Purposes, 41, 68–81.

Yayli, D., & Canagarajah, A. S. (2014). A missing move and an emergent step: Variation in the RA introductions of two composition journals. Reading, 14(1).

Zhang, B., & Wannaruk, A. (2016). Rhetorical Structure of Education Research Article Methods Sections. PASAA: Journal of Language Teaching and Learning in Thailand, 51(June), 155–184.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Author

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.



Universitas Muhammadiyah Metro

Unit Publikasi Ilmiah (Scientific Publication Unit)


Gedung HI Lt 1, Ruang UPT Publikasi Ilmiah Universitas Muhammadiyah Metro

Jl. Ki Hajar Dewantara No.116, Iringmulyo, Metro Timur, Kota Metro, Lampung 34111
Phone/WA: +6285709141060 


e-ISSN-2442-482x  p-ISSN-2089-3355

Download Premise Official Template  June -October 2023