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ARTICLES

The Role of Social Support as A Moderator in the Relationship between Resilience and PTSD in Individuals Who are COVID-19 Survivors Who Have Comorbidities


Farras Aisha Dzahabiya1*, Roswiyani Roswiyani2, Riana Sahrani3

[1] Department Psychology, Universitas Tarumanagara, Indonesia. [2] Department Psychology, Universitas Tarumanagara, Indonesia. [3] Department Psychology, Universitas Tarumanagara, Indonesia.

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has an impact on individual health conditions, especially COVID-19 survivors who have comorbidities. Therefore, to reduce PTSD experienced by COVID-19 survivors, resilience and social support are needed. This study aims to determine the role of social support as a moderator in the relationship between resilience and PTSD in COVID-19 survivors who have comorbidities. Participants in this study were 105 people aged 20-60 years, women and men with comorbid diseases who had been contaminated with the COVID-19 virus. By using quantitative research methods, this research uses the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC-25) measuring instrument to measure resilience, the Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist DSM-5 (PCL-5) measuring instrument to measure PTSD, and the Multidimensional Scale Perceived of Social Support (MSPSS) to measure social support. Data analysis using MRA showed that social support did not act as a moderator in the relationship between resilience and PTSD but had a significant direct effect on PTSD.

Keywords

COVID-19 Survivors Have Comorbid Diseases; Resilience; Social Support; PTSD

Article Info

Artikel History: Submitted: 2023-10-19 | Published: 2023-12-31
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24127/gdn.v13i4.8894
Vol 13, No 4 (2023) Page: 874–883

(*) Corresponding Author: Farras Aisha Dzahabiya, Department Psychology, Universitas Tarumanagara, Indonesia, Email: farrasfarras23@gmail.com