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Shaping A Student Self Efficacy Academic Through Live Modeling Technique (A Synthesis of Observational Learning in Social Cognitive Theory)

Ryan Hidayat1*, M Ramli2

[1] STKIP PGRI Sumatera Barat, Indonesia. [2] Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia.


In the perspective of social cognitive theory, humans as an actor that has a cognitive capability to observe, learn, understand, motivate, plan, act and evaluate an achievement or result that has been done. This perspective argues that a human can learn just by observation, although they do not have direct experience to do such specific tasks. This argument has revised a concept of behavioristic about imitation learning Miller and Dollard. Bandura has a viewpoint to have this result in his research with a triadic reciprocal determinism. Peoples has a cognitive function to observe and consideration to make a decision to act in their life circumstance not only reaction form their environment but their also an actor to make their self a decision-maker. So in a learning process, observational learning formed in live modeling. This modeling has an effect of influencing a mindset of the student in their self-belief, such competencies, capabilities to accomplish a task this self-belief known as self-efficacy. In self-efficacy has one source that links with an observational learning process, there is a vicarious experience. This article will describe and discuss a synthesis about live modeling in observational learning, linkage with vicarious experience in self-efficacy, and how to live modeling to shape a student's self-efficacy and a stage in the group counseling process.


live modeling; self efficacy; observational learning; social cognitive theory

Article Info

Artikel History: Submitted: 2017-12-08 | Published: 2019-11-28
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24127/gdn.v8i1.1163
Vol 8, No 1 (2018) Page: 1-9

(*) Corresponding Author: Ryan Hidayat, STKIP PGRI Sumatera Barat, Indonesia, Email: ryanhidayatrafiola588@gmail.com