MANFAAT DAN BIOAKTIVITAS DARI MANGGIS (Garcinia mangostana L.)

Marina Silalahi(1*),

(1) Pendidikan Biologi
(*) Corresponding Author


Abstract


Garcinia mangostana L. is a fruit-producing plant and is widely used as an ingredient in traditional medicine. This study aims to explain the relationship between the utilization and bioactivity of G. mangostana. The writing of this article is based on a literature review on scientific articles published online using the keywords G. mangostana, uses of G. mangostana, and bioactivities of G. mangostana. The literature obtained was synthesized so that it could explain the benefits and bioactivity of G. mangostana. Local people in Southeast Asia have been used G. mangostana as a traditional medicine for the treatment of abdominal pain, diarrhea, dysentery, infected wounds, pus, and chronic ulcers. The results showed that G. mangostana has bioactivity as anti-microbial, antioxidant, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, and anti-diabetes Mellitus. The bioactivity of G. mangostana is related to the content of its secondary metabolites. α-mangostin has antibacterial activity. Xanthones are chemical compounds that have pharmacological properties as anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, and anti-microbial properties. The bioactivity of G. mangostana as an anti-microbial is the potential to be developed as a natural food coloring agent as well as a natural preservative. 

Kata kunci: Garcinia mangostana, anti mikroba, anti kanker, mangosten



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24127/bioedukasi.v12i1.3752

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