TINJAUAN BIOGRAFI-BIBLIOGRAFI IBN AL-HAYTHAM

Usep Mohamad Ishaq, Wan Mohd Nor Wan Daud

Abstract


Ibn al-Haytham (w. 1038/9 M)  lebih dikenal sebagai seorang saintis dan ahli matematika hingga saat ini. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk meninjau kembali posisinya diantara sarjana muslim melalui penyelidikan dan peninjauan lebih seksama terhadap sumber-sumber riwayat hidupnya dan karya-karyanya, untuk memperoleh gambaran yang lebih sesuai. Kaidah yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah kaidah sejarah khususnya penyelidikan bio-bibliografi. Hasilnya, meskipun Ibn al-Haytham merupakan tokoh yang menonjol dalam sains dan matematika, tetapi sebenarnya Ibn al-Haytham merupakan seorang filsuf muslim yang menghasilkan karya dalam spektrum bidang keilmuan beragam. Satu-satunya karya yang banyak membahas segi filsafat ternyata masih dapat diperoleh saat ini yaitu Kitāb Thamarah al-Ḥikmah, yang memperkuat bukti bahwa ia bukan saja seorang saintis dan ahli matematika tetapi juga seorang filsuf muslim.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24127/hj.v5i2.824

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