AN ANALYSIS OF GRAMMATICAL ERRORS IN SPEECH AT THE STUDENTS OF ENGLISH EDUCATION STUDY PROGRAM OF MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF METRO ACADEMIC YEAR 2013/2014

Septian Dwi Sondiana, Sudirman - -

Abstract


The objectives of the research are to find out the types of grammatical errors in English students’ speech; to find out the percentage of grammatical errors in English students’ speech; to find out the factors influencing English students’ grammatical errors in their speech. Based on the data, the students have problem in producing verb group, errors in subject-verb agreement, errors in the use of articles, errors in the use of prepositions, errors in noun pluralization, errors in the use of pronouns, and errors in the use of conjunctions. It shows that Anisa made eleven sentences in 2 minutes 28 seconds. She made eight errors. Dewi made seven sentences in 1 minutes 57 seconds. She made five errors. Fatika made sixteen sentences in 4 minutes 14 seconds. She made eight errors. Fitri made sixteen sentences in 4 minutes 23 seconds. She made seven errors. Ibnu  made  ten sentences in 2 minutes 18 seconds. He made eight errors. Linda made fiveteen sentences in 3 minutes 7 seconds. She made eight errors. Musli made fourteen sentences in 2 minutes 39 seconds. She made six errors. Nyoman made twelve sentences in 3 minutes 43 seconds. He made nine errors. Pera made ten sentences in 2 minutes 23 seconds. She made seven errors. Sri made fourteen sentences in 6 minutes 34 seconds. She made eleven errors. And about the percentages of errors, here is the data; Anisa: 72,73% of errors; Dewi: 71,4% of errors; Fatika: 50% of errors; Fitri: 43,75% of errors; Ibnu: 80% of errors; Linda: 53,3% of errors; Musli: 42,8% of errors; Nyoman: 75% of errors; Pera: 70% of errors; Sri: 78,57% of errors. Based on interview, it shows it can be concluded the factors influence of English students’ grammatical errors in their speech when their speak using grammar rule. The internal factors are; The first, the students are still difficult to make feeling, for example; confident, feel scary, when they are speaking in public. The second, the students are not mastered in their skills. The third, the students are not have many vocabulay, so they can not express their idea to speak. The forth, the students are still think that grammar are not important to speak. For the external factors are; the first, the student  can not express their speaking because of their environment or comunity. The second, the teaching-learning process.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adib, Qowimul (2012). Grammatical Error Analysis on Speaking Competence of English Department Student (A Study At 2010 Speaking Class of ELT Department of Iain Walisongo). Semarang: Education Faculty Walisongo State Institute for Islamic Studies.

Azar, Betty Schrampfer (1996). Basic English Grammar. New Jersey: Prentice Hall Regents.

Burns, Anne (2010). Doing Action Research in English Language Teaching. p.72. New York and London: Routledge.

Brown, Douglas H (2000). Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy (2nd edition). p. 270-271. NY: Addison Wesley, Longman, Inc.

, (2001). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching (4th edition). p. 7. Longman.

Bailey, Katheleen M (2003). Practical English Language Teaching; Speaking. p. 199. Singapore.

Cohen, Louis (2007). et. al. Research Methods in Education (6th edition). p. 168. USA and Canada: Routledge.

Corder, Spit (2003). Error Analysis and Intralingua. p. 10-11. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dasiani (2011). An Analysis of the Student Errors in Using Interrogative Sentence at the Second Year of SMP N 2 Batang Hari, East Lampung. Metro: Muhammadiyah University of Metro.

Mulyana, Deddy (2008). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. p. 201. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Glenn, Fulcher (2003). Testing Second Language Speaking. p. 23. Britain: Pearson Education Limited.

Mailani Ferianti. The Correlation Between Students’ Vocabulary Mastery And Speaking Ability At The Tenth Grade In SMA Muhamadiyah 1 Metro Academic Year 2012/2013. Metro: Muhammadiyah University of Metro.

Marianne, Celce. (2001) et al. Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language. p.58. Britain: Pearson Education Limited.

Marshall, Catherine (1999). Designing Qualitative Research (3rd edition). p. 2-3 United States of America: Sage.

Mc Donough, and Christopher, Shaw (2003). Material and Methods in ELT: A Teacher Guide (2thedition). p. 134. UK: Blackwell Publishing.

O’Hair, D., Rubenstein, H., & Stewart, R. (2007). A pocket guide to public speaking (2nd ed.). p. 3. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin’s.

Richards, Jack C (2008). Teaching Listening and Speaking. p.19-20. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Scrivener, Jim. Learning Teaching, A Guide Book for English Language Teachers (2nd edition). p. 7. Macmillan Books for Teachers.

Setiyadi, Ag. Bambang. (2006). Teaching English as foreign language. P. 12. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Speaking Role at Class. Retrieved, 6 March, 2014 from http://www.sasklearning.gov.sk.ca/does/mla /speak.html.

Arikunto, Suharsimi (2007). Manajemen Penelitian. p. 234. Jakarta: PT. Rineka Cipta.

Sugiyono (2008). Memahami Penelitian Kualitatif (4th edition). p. 92. Bandung: Alfabeta.

(2010). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan Pendekatan Kuantitative, Kualitative dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

(2011). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan Pendekatan Kuantitative, Kualitative dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Telgs, Ricky (2011). Speech Writing and Types of Speeches. p. 5. Florida: University of Florida, IFAS Extension.

Tim penyusun, (2013). Pedoman penyusunan Proposal Skripsi dan Seminar Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris. Metro: Muhammadiyah University of Metro.

Turmudi, Dedi (2013). Getting into Your Writing Product: Developing Essay Writing (1st edition). Muhammadiyah University of Metro: UMMPress.

Yuni Sukarti. The Comparison Of Students Speaking By Using Audio Lingual Method Type Chain Drill Technique And Question And Answer Drill Technique At Sma Muhamdiyah 1 Braja Salebah Academic Year 2012/2013. Metro: Muhammadiyah University of Metro.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24127/pj.v3i2.709

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Septian Dwi Sondiana, Sudirman - -

Flag Counter
Indexing:

Start counter 

DOAJ , IPI  , Portal Garuda, SINTA, University Library, Google Scholar