The Development of International Postgraduate Students Academic Stress Scale (IPSASS)

Nasib Tua Lumban Gaol (1*),

(1) Universitas Pelita Harapan Medan
(*) Corresponding Author


This research aims to develop a reliable and valid scale, International Postgraduate Students Academic Stress Scale (IPSASS), for measuring the level of academic stress on international postgraduate students. An 80-item prototype was developed by reviewing literature and interviews. Item analysis was conducted to understand the contribution of each item. Based on analysis of Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), there are 56 items of the IPSASS selected. The IPSASS consists of seven subscales, including (1) Learning Process, (2) Time Management, (3) Financial Problems, (4) Relationship’s Building, (5) Supervision, (6) Acquiring Resources and (7) Academic Performance. In addition, based on the empirical data, technical specifications relating to reliabilities and validity have been down for the IPSASS. The results of this research can be used in three aspects. First, it can explore the level of academic stress in various aspects on each international postgraduate student. Second, it can help university authorities to understand the sources and level of academic stress on international postgraduate students for setting up the guidance strategies. Third, it can also help higher education authorities for dealing with the academic stress to the further education policy making.


Scale development, academic stress scale, reliability, validity


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Nasib Tua Lumban Gaol
Universitas Pelita Harapan Medan

10.24127/gdn.v7i2.908 59 Views, Vol 7, No 2 (2017) Section: ARTICLES Submitted: 2017-07-21 Published: 2017-12-30