Ifa Muhimmatin, Iis Ni'matul Jannah


Discovery learning is one of the approaches that applied to science learning. Discovery learning designed to engage students in an activity that leads them to "discover" the intended content. However, based on the results of the implementation of discovery learning previously, a crucial fact came up. Without guidance, students sometimes make discoveries other than as intended. This classroom action research conducted in four cycles. Each cycle consists of planning, implementation with observation, and reflection. The worksheets were applied in discovery learning as guidance for students in carrying out discovery activities. The subjects of the research were 15 students participating in plant morphology course. Data collected include students ability to find concepts; and students cognitive skills. Data analyzed with qualitative descriptive techniques.

The assessment of students' ability to find concepts increased in each cycle, from 2.87 in cycle 1, becomes 3.33 in the last cycle. This result shows that students are able to find the intended concept, according to the guidance given by the student worksheets. Assessment of students’ cognitive skills shows the increase from the pretest score to the posttest score. In the first cycle, the increase in students' cognitive skills are 4.00; then 3.9 in cycle two; 4.97 in the third cycle; and 5.13 in the last cycle. Based on that data, can be concluded that the implementation of student worksheets on guided discovery learning can improve students’ discovery ability and cognitive skills in plant morphology course.


Keywords: cognitive, discovery learning, guidance, worksheets


Alfieri, L. Brooks, P. J. Aldrich, N. J. Tenenbaum. 2011. Does Discovery-Based Instruction Enhance Learning?. Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 103 (1): 1-18.

Bodner, G.M. & Hunter W. J. F. 1998. What Happens When Discovery Laboratories Are Integrated into the Curriculum at a Large Research University?. Journal of Springer Verlac, Vol. 3 (3): 32-49.

Clark, R.E., Kirchner, P.A., John Sweller. 2012. Putting student to the path of learning. Journal American Educator, Vol. 4 (1): 6-11.

Hammer, D. 1997. Cognition and Instruction: Discovery Learning and Discovery Teaching. USA: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Honomichl, R. D & Chen, Z. 2012. The Role of Guidance in Children’s Discovery Learning. WIREs Cognitive Science, Vol. 3: 615–622.

Joolingen, W. V. 1999. Cognitive tools for discovery learning. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, Vol. 10 : 385-397.

Kirschner, P. A., & R.E. Clark. 2006. Why Minimal Guidance During Instruction Does Not Work: An Analysis of the Failure of Constructivist, Discovery, Problem-Based, xperiential, and Inquiry-Based Teaching. Journal Educational Psychologist, Vol. 41 (2): 75–86.

Lucas, A.M. 1971. Creativity, Discovery, and Inquiry in Science Education. The Australian Journal of Education, Vol. 5 (2): 185-196.

Mahmoud, A. K. A. 2014. The Effect of Using Discovery Learning Strategy in Teaching Grammati-cal Rules to first year General Secondary Student on Developing Their Achievement and Metacognitive Skills. International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, Vol. 5 (2): 146-153.

Martaida, T. Bukit, N. Ginting, E.M. 2017. The Effect of Discovery Learning Model on Student’s Critical Thinking and Cognitive Ability in Junior High School. IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education. Vol.7 (Issue 6 Ver. I): 01-08.

Prastowo, A. 2011. Panduan Kreatif Membuat Bahan Ajar Inovatif. Yogyakarta: Diva Press.

Sugiyono, P. D. 2013. Metode Penelitian Pendidikan: Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R & D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Veermans, K. 2003. Intelligent support for discovery learning. Netherlands: Twente University Press.

Yulianti, K. & Saragih. 2015. The Development of Learning Devices Based Guided Discovery Model to Improve Understanding Concept and Critical Thinking Mathematically Ability of Students at Medan Islamic Junior High School. Journal of Education and Practice, Vol. 6 (24): 116-128.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Bioedukasi Journal : e-ISSN (2442-9805), p-ISSN (2086-4701)

Jl. Ki Hajar Dewantara, Kota Metro, Lampung, Indonesia 

(Phone1) +6285292078488 (Email1)
(Phone2) +6281272920110

 Bio Statistik  

Analytics View My Stats 

Lisensi Creative Commons

Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional.

Flag Counter